ZRP
Tuca Zbarcea & Asociatii

CMS | Romania passes changes to Romanian Companies Law

03 Noiembrie 2022   |   CMS România

For more information on this new piece of legislation in Romania, contact your CMS client partner or local CMS experts: Rodica Manea and Elena Andrei.

 
 
Law No. 265/2022 regarding the Trade Registry and amending and supplementing other legal instruments applicable to the registration with the Trade Registry that will enter into force on 26 November 2022 will also bring the following key changes to Law 31/1990 on companies, also known as the Romanian Companies Law:

    ► Payment of share capital of limited liability companies (SRL) in tranches

    A change brought by Law no. 265/2022 is that shareholders of a limited liability company will no longer be required to pay the entire amount of share capital upon incorporation. Shareholders will have the options to pay:

    (i) 30% of the subscribed share capital no later than three months as of the incorporation date, but prior to commencing any operations on behalf of the company; and


    (ii) the difference to the full value of the share capital (a) in cash – within 12 months as of the incorporation date, and (b) in kind – within a maximum of two years of the incorporation date.
   
Also, irrespective of the type of the company, the proof of payment of the share capital will no longer be required for the company’s incorporation.

    ►  Express acceptance of the mandate by directors and managers

    For all types of companies, any director, manager, member of the management board or of the supervisory board must expressly accept such a mandate for their nomination to be legally valid.

    By accepting this mandate, the directors, managers and members of the management board take responsibility for observing the legal conditions required by the Romanian Companies Law for holding the concerned position.

    ►  New deadline for the implementation of share capital increases

    The term for the implementation of the resolution of the general meeting of the shareholders approving the increase of share capital will be 18 months from the date the resolution is passed, instead of the current applicable one year-term.

    ►  Simplification of documentation required for a company’s incorporation

    The following documents will no longer be required to be submitted with the Trade Registry for a company’s incorporation:

       → sworn statements that are currently required to be executed as a separate deed, by any founder, acknowledging compliance with the legal requirements, provided that this acknowledgement is included as an express clause in the articles of association;

       → proof of availability of the company’s name (this is still required to be obtained prior to incorporation);

       → ownership title to the assets brought as a contribution in kind.
   
►  New mandatory clauses to be included in the articles of association

    For limited liability companies (SRLs), the articles of association must also contain:

       → the subscribed share capital (instead of the share capital, as currently required);

       → the procedure of passing resolutions by the general meeting of shareholders for which the vote of all shareholders is required, if absolute majority cannot be obtained due to the parity of the shareholdings;

       → the duration of the directors’ mandate;

       → the means of ensuring the extinction of liabilities or their regularisation in agreement with creditors, in case of dissolution without liquidation, where the shareholders agree on the allocation and liquidation of the company’s patrimony; and

       → the identification details of the ultimate beneficial owners and the way they exercise control over the company, where required by law.

    For joint stock companies (SAs), the articles of association shall also contain:

      →  the type of company (public or private); and

      →  the identification details of the ultimate beneficial owners, together with the way they exercise control over the company.

    ►  Merger/Spin-off approvals and publicity formalities

    An important change regarding the procedure for mergers and spin-offs is that these operations must be approved by the registrars of the Romanian Trade Registry, and are no longer subject to court proceedings. This change should significantly speed-up the timeline for approving a merger or spin-off. The new provisions also apply to cross-border mergers.

    Law no. 265/2022 also brings changes with respect to the publicity formalities regarding the approval of the merger at the level of the absorbed company, which can be performed, in all cases, by the absorbing company (while currently the absorbing company may perform such publicity formalities on behalf of the absorbed company only provided that the latter has not performed these formalities within 15 days as of the registration of the merger).

    If the company opted for the publication of the merger/spin-off project on its own webpage, opposition to such a document may be filed within 30 days as of the publication of the merger/spin-off project in the Electronic Bulletin (instead of 30 days as of the publication in the Official Gazette, as currently required).

    In case of cross-border mergers, the common draft terms of the merger, approved by the registrar of the Trade Registry, must be published in the Electronic Bulletin of the Trade Registry or, as the case may be, in the Official Gazette of Romania, Part IV, at the expense of the parties, in full or in extracts, at least 30 days before the date of the meetings at which the general meetings are to decide on the merger.

    ►  Amendments to the decision-making process in a limited liability company

    The current rule has been repealed by which amendments to the articles of association of a limited liability company (SRL) must be approved with the vote of all shareholders, except for the case where the law provides otherwise, or the articles of association provide otherwise.

    ►  New rules applicable to limited liability companies in case of death of a shareholder

    The current rule applicable to general partnerships, based on which, in the case of the death of a shareholder and unless otherwise provided, the company must pay the share due to the heirs according to the latest approved balance sheet, within three months as of notification of the shareholder’s death, unless the remaining shareholders prefer to continue the partnership with the consenting heirs, must also be applicable to limited liability companies.

    New / increased sanctions

    Law no. 265/2022 introduces the following new or increased fines :

       → RON 500 to RON 1,000 (approximately EUR 100 to EUR 200) – for the failure of a liquidator to submit to the Romanian Trade Registry the report on the economic situation of the company within 60 days of the liquidator’s appointment;

       → RON 5,000 to RON 15,000 (approximately EUR 1,000 to EUR 3,000) – for failure (a) to keep a shareholders’ registry, and (b) to make available to the shareholders or any other applicants information on the shareholding structure of that company and to issue, on their request and at their own expense, certificates relating to this information.

Transitory provisions


Most of the provisions of Law no. 265/2022 will enter into force within four months from its publication in the Official Gazette of Romania (i.e. by 26 November 2022).

Any procedures initiated prior to the entry into force of this Law will continue to be governed by the previous provisions.

Watch for the upcoming Law-Now article on the changes that Law no. 265/2022 is expected to bring to the procedure of dissolution and liquidation of companies in Romania.

For more information on this new piece of legislation in Romania, contact your CMS client partner or local CMS experts: Rodica Manea and Elena Andrei.
 
 

PNSA

 
 

ARTICOLE PE ACEEASI TEMA

ARTICOLE DE ACELASI AUTOR


 

Ascunde Reclama
 
 

POSTEAZA UN COMENTARIU


Nume *
Email (nu va fi publicat) *
Comentariu *
Cod de securitate*







* campuri obligatorii


Articol 150 / 5957
 

Ascunde Reclama
 
BREAKING NEWS
ESENTIAL
CMS își mărește echipa din București prin cooptarea a trei avocați. Horea Popescu, Managing Partner: Echipa CMS din București a avut o activitate intensă în 2022, iar anul 2023 se anunță a fi la fel de puternic
LegiTeam: Zamfirescu Racoţi Vasile & Partners recrutează avocat definitiv | Consultanță
CMS, alături de Alpha Bank în proiectul finanţării de cca. 70 mil. €, acordată eMAG. Ana Radnev (Partener CMS), evidențiată pentru soluțiile multi-jurisdicționale oferite
Avocații ZRVP obțin o nouă victorie pentru Agenția Națională pentru Resurse Minerale într-un arbitraj internațional ICC Paris | Tribunalul arbitral a admis pretenții de 10,1 mil. USD, plus dobânzi. Cosmin Vasile (Managing Partner) și Cosmin Cojocaru (Partner), în prima linie
Firma maghiară BLS-CEE își marchează prezența în România prin cooptarea unei echipe de avocați din București. Iulia Berea, noul partener local: ”Am construit în timp o expertiză comună, care să ne permită asistarea transnațională a clienților. Ne dorim ca, alături de colegii de la BLS, să avem o creștere organică a portofoliului comun de clienți în următorii ani”
Glodeanu Partners, boutique de avocatură cu focus specific pe proiecte de energie regenerabilă, a fost implicată în peste 20 de astfel de tranzacții în 2022. De vorbă cu partenerii firmei despre echipă, proiecte, ”clienți cheie”
BRD a acordat o finanţare de 24,32 mil. € pentru dezvoltarea a două clădiri rezidenţiale verzi. Wolf Theiss și Kinstellar, în proiect
LegiTeam | GNP Guia Naghi & Partners is recruiting Lawyers, 3-5 years’ experience (Competition, Litigation and Employment)
Reff & Asociații | Deloitte Legal a obținut la ÎCCJ o soluție de referință care confirmă că dobânzile aferente unui ajutor de stat returnat către bugetul național intră în sfera de aplicare a amnistiei fiscale
LegiTeam | GNP Guia Naghi & Partners is recruiting Junior Lawyers (Consultancy and Litigation)
Mușat & Asociații va găzdui în data de 17 februarie 2023 evenimentul Asociației Internaționale a Barourilor – „Workshop on the IBA Arb40 Toolkit for Arbitral Award Writing”
Stratulat Albulescu continuă consolidarea practicii de Litigii și, în special, a ariei de Litigii fiscale. Luiza Ionescu-Donoiu se alătură echipei în rolul de Counsel
 
Citeste pe SeeNews Digital Network
  • BizBanker

  • BizLeader

      in curand...
  • SeeNews

    in curand...